What is EORI and do I need one?
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What is EORI?
EORI, or Economic Operations Registration and Identification number is required for businesses wishing to move goods in and out of the European Union (EU).
You may need an EORI number if you move goods:
- between Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) or the Isle of Man and any other country (including the EU)
- between Great Britain and Northern Ireland
- between Great Britain and the Channel Islands
- between Northern Ireland and countries outside the EU
Who needs an EORI?
Any economic operator established in the customs territory of the Union needs, for customs purposes, an EORI number.
Economic operators not established in the customs territory of the Union also need an EORI for a number of different situations.
- to lodge a customs declaration in the customs territory of the Union;
- to submit an Entry Summary Declaration (ENS)
- to lodge an Exit Summary Declaration (EXS)
- to lodge a temporary storage declaration in the customs territory of the Union
- act as a carrier for the purposes of transport by sea, inland waterway or air;
- act as a carrier who is connected to the customs system and wishes to receive any of the notifications provided for in the customs legislation regarding the lodging or amendment of entry summary declarations.
Persons other than economic operators shall be registered in following situations:
- where such registration is required by the national legislation of a Member State;
- where the person engages in operations for which an EORI number must be provided according to the EU customs legislation.
When you will need your EORI number
You’ll need your EORI number if you:
- appoint someone to deal with customs for you and are ‘established’ in the country you’re importing to or exporting from
- make customs declarations
- use customs systems, such as the CHIEF system and the Import Control System Northern Ireland (ICS NI)
- apply for a customs decision